Subcultural Theory proposes that those living in an urban setting are able to find ways of creating a sense of community despite the prevailing alienation and anonymity. The cultural structure is dominated by the majority norms, which forces individuals to form communities in new and different ways.
The avaerage working class man whome fails within education and work, looses the oppotunity to gain status and develop within a hieracy. The theory of the gang and subculture proposes that for a working class male to gain status and 'respect' he feels the need to join a gang and create his own hieracy.
People to look at:
Frederic M. Thrasher
E. Franklin Frazier
Albert K. Cohen
Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin